Circulating Anarchisms and Marxisms in the Andes

This collaborative project studies the emergence of critical theory in the Andes region in the period 1890-1950, focusing on the creative transformations and adaptations of European Marxist and anarchist thought in this geopolitical context. The collaborators, Víctor Vich (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú) and Jorge Coronado (Northwestern), will develop an undergraduate and a graduate course on this topic and oversee the translation and publication of relevant texts that will be taught in these courses. The collaboration also includes a graduate student exchange by means of the award of a Mellon fellowship to support the participation of a graduate fellow assisting with the research for the course development during a visiting residency at Northwestern.


Víctor Vich is Professor at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP) in Lima, where he specializes in cultural theory and contemporary and literary culture in Peru. He is the author of numerous books, most recently Poéticas del duelo. Ensayos sobre arte, memoria y violencia política en el Perú (2015). He is the co-director of PUCP’s Maestría en Estudios Culturales (Master’s Degree in Cultural Studies), a leading program for training in cultural and critical theory.

Jorge Coronado is Professor of Spanish & Portuguese and Comparative Literature at Northwestern. He is also Co-Director of the Andean Cultures and Histories Working Group at the Buffett Institute for Global Studies. A specialist in modern Latin American and Andean literatures and cultures, he is the author of The Andes Imagined: Indigenismo, Society, and Modernity (2009), as well as Portraits in the Andes: Photography and Agency, 1900-1950 (2018).

Visiting Graduate Fellow

Sheyla Liliana Huyhua Muñoz is working on her M.A. in Cultural Studies at Pontificia
Universidad Católica del Perú. She is interested in analyzing how Peruvian society
constructs the sense of politics. Her research focuses on how modernity reduces
complex categories such as memory, reconciliation, forgiveness, justice and demo-
cracy to a simple metaphysical exercise. Her theoretical framework is related to
deconstruction. She approaches Peruvian political conflicts not from the official dis-
course, but from what can not be verbalized or quantified by it. Her master's project
involves cultural studies and philosophy, aiming to explain why is it difficult to under-
stand political conflicts beyond the limits of rational discourse and its ethical conse-
quences. Sheyla will be visiting Northwestern in the Fall of 2018. Contact Sheyla at

Bibliography: Political Violence

Vich, Víctor. “An Aesthetic Event: Ricardo Wiesse’s Cantutas and Political Violence in Peru.” In Dueñas, Gabriela Polit y María Helena Rueda, eds., Meanings of Violence in Contemporary Latin America, 167-181. Nueva York: Palgrave Macmillan. 167-181.

Vich, Víctor. “Violence, Guilt, and Repetition: Alonso Cueto's Novel La Hora Azul." In C. Milton, ed., Art from a Fractured Past, 127-138. Durham, Duke University Press, 2014.

Bibliography: José Carlos Mariátegui

Coronado, Jorge. "The Revolutionary Indio: José Carlos Mariátegui’s Indigenismo.” In Coronado, The Andes Imagined: Indigenismo, Society, and Modernity, 25-51. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2009.

Mariátegui, José Carlos. "Esquema de la evolución económica" y "El problema de la tierra." In Mariátegui, 7 ensayos de interpretación de la realidad peruana, 7-25 and 39-85. Lima: Amauta, 1984. (Translation available in Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality.)

Polar, Antonio Cornejo. “El indigenismo y las literaturas heterogéneas; su doble estatuto socio-cultural.” Revista de Crítica Literaria Latinoamericana 4, no. 7-9 (1978): 7-21.

Polar, Antonio Cornejo. “Mariátegui y su propuesta de una modernidadde raíz andina.” In Moraña, Mabel y Guido Podestá, eds., José Carlos Mariátegui y los estudios latinoamericanos, 19-28. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 2009.

Quijano, Aníbal. “Raza, etnia y nación en Mariátegui. Cuestiones preliminares.” In Antología esencial. De la dependencia histórico estructural a la colonialidad/descolonialidad del poder, 757-775. Buenos Aires: Clacso, 2014.

News and Events

  • November 10-13, 2017 | Northwestern
    Professor Vich visited Northwestern for "Transformations of Critical Theory," the inaugural workshop of the Critical Theory in the Global South Project. On November 13, he led a Spanish-language teach-in at Northwestern on the theme "Circulating Anarchisms and Marxisms in the Andes: A discussion of Marx and Mariátegui."

Professor Vich convenes his teach-in on Marx and Mariátegui
Professor Vich convenes his teach-in at Northwestern on Marx and Mariátegui

  • June, 2017
    Professors Coronado and Vich are currently designing their collaborative syllabi and deliberating over which pieces will be translated from Spanish into English.

  • May 27, 2017 | Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
    Professor Coronado presented his paper "Tecnologías de la letra: grafoesfera, cultura popular y agencia indígena" at the 35th International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association.